Quiz Anwsers

We hope you had fun and interesting conversations trying to answer all of the quiz questions and thinking about the next steps you can take to tackle climate change and support the united nations sustainable development goals.

Find the answers below under each heading. Don’t forget to follow us on social media and contribute to the debate using #climatesteps. If you are able to support our future work we would be extremely grateful for your contributions.



1.What is a pollution and how does affect us?

It occurs when gases, dust particles and fumes are introduced into the atmosphere in a way that is harmful to humans, animals and plants. Air pollutants can be very harmful to our health. The level of effect usually depends on the length of time of exposure as well as the kind and concentration of chemicals and particles exposed to. Short term effects include irritation to the eyes, nose and throat, and upper respiratory infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia. Others include headaches, nausea and allergic reactions. It can also aggravate to the medical conditions of individuals with asthma and emphysema. The long term health effects can include chronic respiratory disease lung cancer heart disease and even damage to the brain, nerves, liver or kidneys. Continual exposure to add pollution affects the lungs of growing children and may aggravate or complicate medical conditions in the elderly. Check out the friends of the Earth website for more information.

2.Driving at 70 mph uses how much more fuel than driving at 50 mph? 5%, 10% or 15%?


3.How much fuel is wasted by having car tires that are not properly inflated? 2%, 3% or 5%?


4.How many tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) are released if you take a return flight from Birmingham, UK to Islamabad, Pakistan is? 0.6, 1.6 or 2.6?

2.6 tonnes

5.2014 the UK released 17 million tons of CO2 emissions. What percentage were from transport? 5%, 17%, or 25%?


6.What are the benefits of riding a bike?

It can be quicker over shorter journeys. It can help you de-stress. It’s easy to learn. The whole family can get involved. It’s great exercise to keep you fit and healthy. It’s a cheap travel option. It’s flexible. It will save you money. You’re helping the planet as it’s dramatically cut down on carbon (CO2) emissions which cause climate change. We can teach you how to ride and maintain a bike. Visit www.cyclesouthbrum.com To book a session.



1.What are fossil fuels?

Fossil fuels are bottom plants and animals that were alive millions of years ago-even before dinosaurs lived! They have decomposed overtime and turned into coal, gas or oil. We extract fossil fuels from the earth and burn them to produce energy but this produces lots of harmful gases.

2.What do we use fossil fuel energy for and why I’ll be worried about it?

Petrol for transport, gas the heating houses, and electricity generated by coal and gas power stations are all fossil fuel energy uses. BUT Burning fossil fuels releases millions of tonnes of harmful gases into the air which is warming our planet and causing problems like droughts, flooding and destroying animal’s habitats. Renewable energies such as wind, hydro and solar power don’t release of these gases!

3.Where do you think we use the most energy in the UK-Industry, transport, heating or growing?

We use it for all of these but most of our energy is used to whose transport ourselves, and the things we buy that have been made in faraway countries; using planes and ships and lorries.

4.Do you know what item uses the most energy in your home?

We use energy to heat the water to wash ourselves, our clothes and dirty dishes. We also use it to cook and entertain ourselves on computers and the TV but more than half of our energy at home is used to keep our homes warm.

5.True or false? 75% of the electricity used to power electronic devices is used while they are on standby.

It’s true. A laptop users about 20 Watts of energy when sleeping and a Sony PlayStation 3 uses about 200 Watts on standby! We call these “energy vampires”.

6.If every household installed one extra energy efficient light bulb, we would reduce the same amount of greenhouse gasses as if we took 70,000 cars off the road. How many of your light bulbs are energy-efficient?

How many energy efficient light bulbs did you count? Try and change any over that aren’t energy-efficient as soon as possible to help save energy and money. Try LED light bulbs in your home.



1.What is Most of our water at home used for?

We use it for many things but most of it goes straight down the loo when flushing our toilets.

2.Without water, how long could humans survive?

That only about 3-5 days depending upon how fit and healthy you are.

3.Can all of the water on earth be used for human needs?

No. Only less than 1% of the world’s water is available for us, the rest is either salty (97%), frozen or hidden underground.

4.How many litres of water does the average person in the UK used per day? 49, 149 or 249?

149 litres per day! That’s like filling up to bath tub a day to the brim for each person living in the UK. This water will be used to flash, wash, cook and drink with.

5.Does everybody have a water at home?

No. In some countries, there is no running water connected two homes and people need to walk many kilometres to the next to get some water for their daily use. They treat it as a precious resource and wouldn’t think of wasting a drop.

6.What else is water used for outside our homes?

Making our food grow, producing goods like plastic, paper and metals and much more. To make a cotton T-shirt, for example, around 4700 litres of water are used from the growing of the cotton to the washing of the end textile!

7.How much of the world’s fresh water is permanently frozen? One third, a half or two thirds?

Two thirds



1.Where do your fruit and vegetables come from?

Fruit and vegetables sold in supermarkets can come from all over the world. Buying from local farmers markets help you determine that the food has travelled a short distance and is in season. Importing food from other countries means that more energy is used to bring the food to the UK. This has become more of an issue in recent years, due to concern over the greenhouse gas emissions exacerbating climate change, which is widely predicted to negatively impact world agriculture. Eating food that is grown locally and in season not only reduces food miles but it ensures that the food is fresh air when it reaches your plate and contains more nutrients than would otherwise be present.

2.How many litres of water does it take to produce one kg of chocolate? 170, 1700 or 17,000?

17,000 litres.

3.What can you put in your compost bin?

Good things you can compost include vegetable peelings, fruit waste, teabags, plant prunings and grass cuttings. These are considered “greens”. Greens are quick to rot and they provide important nitrogen and moisture. Other things you can’t compost include cardboard egg boxes, scrunched up paper and small twigs.

4.How can you encourage wildlife into your garden?

Simple measures will help provide food and habitats for a healthy ecosystem in your back garden:

  • Make a nest for ladybirds and lacewings by tying a bundle of bamboo or cow parsley stems together and placing in the look of a tree or a crack in a wall.
  • Preserve old walls and sheds. The spaces beneath old roofing tiles naturally occurring holes in bricks or soft mortar are used as nesting sites by red Mason bees, which pollinate fruit trees. Attract other useful solitary bees and wasps by drilling holes into the timber post in a sunny position for them to lay their eggs.
  • Build a log pile to encourage biodiversity – it’s the ideal habitat for small mammals, amphibians and all kinds of insects.
  • Attract hedgehogs, make a tee-pee shaped log pile or build a wooden hedgehog box.
  • Leave a pile of falling leaves undisturbed in a damp, shady corner of the garden – frogs, toads, newts and slug-eating centipedes thrive on decay.
  • Make a pond but make sure it has shallow edges to allow easy access for frogs and newts.
  • If you have a fence, make a hole to allow hedgehogs and frogs into your garden or plot.
  • Take a clay pot, feel with the leaves, straw and a little cotton wool and place upside down in a sheltered spot for a bumblebee to live in overwinter.
  • Plant a native hedgerow of Hawthorn, Blackthorn, Field Maple or Hazel. The hedge will provide nesting sites and berries, nuts and hips that will be invaluable winter food for hungry wildlife.
  • Put up bird feeders, you can enjoy watching the birds and the birds get a good feed.
  • Encourage bees by planting pollen and nectar rich plants such as hardy Salvia, Rudbeckia and Lavender.
  • Put up the bird boxes.

5.What does a plant need to grow?

A plant needs these things to grow well: hair, warmth, nutrients and water.

A healthy plant is upright with green leaves. A seed will not produce a plant at all if it is kept too cold. This seed needs warmth to germinate (develop from a seed into a plant) and starts to grow into a healthy plant. A plant that is kept in a dark place will grow tall and spindly and then become weak and die. A plant that is not watered you’ll have a weak stem and dried up leaves and will eventually die. The roots of a plant and take up water and nutrients from the soil. The roots also keep the plant steady and upright in the soil. The stem carries water and nutrients to different parts of the plant. Believes use light from the sun, along with carbon dioxide from the air and water to make food for the plant. This process is called photosynthesis.

6.Name sum everyday items that you can recycle or reuse for growing plants in.

Why buy new items for planting when you can reuse and recycle everyday items that would normally be thrown away. Just remember to put some drainage holes in the bottom of containers. Here are a few examples:

  • Pallets can be turned into upright planters or dismantled to make window boxes.
  • Plastic bottles can be cut into growing pots and fixed to fences so that you can grow in a space that wouldn’t normally be used.
  • If you have our having a new bathroom then why not use the old sink, toilet or bath as a growing container.
  • Turn old tin cans into decorative hanging baskets.
  • Use colanders or bowls.
  • Plant in old shoes and boots to give an unusual display.

7.How many million tonnes of food and drink do we throw away in the UK each year? One, three or seven?

7 million tonnes! Why not to think about growing some of your own food and picket fresh when you need it. We have volunteering opportunities and run courses at our community gardens that could help you.

8.How do bees help us to produce food?

These are responsible for one out of every three bites of food we eat. Most crops grown for their fruits, nuts, seeds, fibre, and hay require pollination by insects. Pollinating insects also play a critical role in maintaining natural plant communities and ensuring production of seeds in most flowering plants. Pollination is the transfer of pollen from the male parts of a flower to the female parts of a flower of the same species, which results in the fertilisation of plant ovaries and the production of seeds. The main insect pollinators, by far, our bees, and while European honeybees are the best known and widely managed pollinators, there are also hundreds of other species of bees, mostly solid terry ground nesting species, that contribute some level of pollination services to crops and are very important in the natural plant communities.



1.Why is recycling such a good idea?

Because it saves resources (such as trees to make paper, sand to make glass or oil to make plastic and plenty of water) and also saves energy (70% less energy is required to recycle paper compared with making it from raw materials).

2.How many times could an aluminium can be recycled?

They can be recycled indefinitely as we don’t forget to throw them in the recycling bin! But each time they are recycled that process uses energy and water.

3.Recycling just one plastic bottle says enough energy to power a light bulb how many hours?

Six hours, so just think how many light bulbs could be powered by recycling all of our plastic bottles.

4.How Long does glass take to breakdown in the rubbish tip?

Well, we don’t exactly know but scientists estimate that it could take more than 1 million years to disappear. Some glass pieces dating back to 2000 BC have been found. Remember to reduce before you reuse before you recycle.

5.How many trees could be saved by recycling one tonne of paper?

17 trees that have taken many, many years to grow, could be saved.

6.What to do these symbols mean? From left to right…

  • This product is capable of being recycled.
  • Forest stewardship Council (a mark to show that the wood or paper product has come from a sustainable forest).
  • Waste electrical items that can be recycled-Do not send to landfill.
  • Rainforest Alliance approved (conserves wildlife habitats and promote sustainable living).
  • Hazardous waste must be disposed of through the proper networks to avoid human and environmental harm. This includes batteries, paints, motor oils, chemicals and needles.

7.Which island could be wrapped with all the Christmas wrapping paper thrown away each year in the UK?

Guernsey. Why not try making your own wrapping paper this year?

8.What does it mean if something is biodegradable?

Waste that can break down or what to naturally when attacked by bacteria and that doesn’t harm the environment. Examples include food and garden waste. Some detergents, soaps and bags are now manufactured to be biodegradable. Paper takes 2-5 months to breakdown, an orange peel takes 6 months, leather shoes take 25-40 years, tin cans 50-100 years And plastic bottles take for ever!

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Our aim is to inspire the people of Birmingham to take action and to help them live more sustainably. But we can only achieve this with the help of our wonderful supporters. Donations from people like you are essential to ensure we can carry on our important work.

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Your support will secure the continuing development of ecobirmingham’s projects. Our Friends are incredibly valuable in helping us to inspire and support the development of strong and environmentally stable communities, raising awareness, improving access to nature, keeping homes warm and ending fuel poverty.

£5 a month could help us buy some bike lights for our cycle hub

£10 a month could fund a local child to attend an Ecokids educational workshop

£25 a month could support the development of a community orchard

£50 a month could pay for a group bike instruction class

We have had people make major donations over a number of years to support our work so if you would prefer to have a conversation about your donation then please get in touch with michael@ecobirmingham.com or call us on 0121 4480119

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Current Campaigns


We are currently raising funds for the following projects. Your support will make a huge difference:

Cycling with Autism

Teaching people with additional needs how to cycle and maintain a bike. READ MORE

Power to Grow

Helping community groups set up a food growing space and maximise their impact. READ MORE

Wild Holiday Bunch

Forest School sessions out of school term time for 7-11 year olds. READ MORE

Green Lens

a photography & film competition for 16-25 year olds. READ MORE